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investor-state disputes | ISDS

Investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) refers to a way of handling conflicts under international investment agreements whereby companies from one party are allowed to sue the government of another party. This means they can file a complaint and seek compensation for damages. Many BITs and investment chapters of FTAs allow for this if the investor’s expectation of a profit has been negatively affected by some action that the host government took, such as changing a policy. The dispute is normally handled not in a public court but through a private abritration panel. The usual venues where these proceedings take place are the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (World Bank), the International Chamber of Commerce, the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law or the International Court of Justice.

ISDS is a hot topic right now because it is being challenged very strongly by concerned citizens in the context of the EU-US TTIP negotiations, the TransPacific Partnership talks and the CETA deal between Canada and the EU.


What to do with "fair and equitable treatment" provisions?
US ISDS proposal in NAFTA would cut fair and equitable treatment and indirect expropriation.
Tanzania edges closer towards total mine nationalisation
New laws revolve around the notion that Tanzania’s domestic law is to be supreme over any international dispute or arbitration decision.
Mexico offers to match oil groups’ Nafta wish
Mexico is considering writing into law investor-state dispute settlement provisions contained in the North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta) to reassure US and Canadian investors in its energy sector.
A look into China’s slowly increasing appearance in ISDS cases
Recent decades have been marked by China’s economic, military and diplomatic rise, and its increasing integration into the international order.
Investment treaties and the internal vetting of regulatory proposals: A case study from Canada
Does the prospect of foreign investor claims against countries in investor­–state dispute settlement (ISDS) lead to regulatory chill?
Brexit bonanza: Lawyers encouraging corporations to sue UK & EU member states
Brexit could become a money-making machine for law firms that make millions when corporations sue nation states via trade and investment agreements.
Farmland investments are finding their way to international arbitration
Swedish investor EcoDevelopment registered a claim at the ICSID against the Tanzanian government for revoking a land title amid concerns over the impact on local communities and a wildlife sanctuary.
Karkey Karadeniz case: In interest alone, govt owes $5.6m a month
The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) has not only imposed a hefty fine on Pakistan but also declared that the country will be paying $5.6 million as interest per month.
International litigator imposes $700m fine on Pakistan in rental power plants case
Financially-strapped Pakistan has been imposed with a staggering $700 million in a damages suit by the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) regarding rental power plants case.
EU court adviser says arbitration clause in investment treaty is legal
An arbitration clause in an investment treaty between the Netherlands and Slovakia does not violate EU law, an adviser to the EU’s top court said.
Russian energy firm Inter RAO demands $175m from Government of Georgia
Inter RAO structures claim $175 million loss was due to a refusal to raise energy tariffs when the Georgian national currency Lari was devaluated.
Sanofi Aventis Ukraine seeks to file claim to international court to protect investment in Ukraine
Sanofi Aventis Ukraine LLC, part of Sanofi global pharmaceutical company, seeks to file a claim against Ukraine to the International Investment Arbitration.
Multi-million dollar payment hangs over Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is in breach of two arbitral awards totalling USD 240 million, after it missed a deadline to pay investors whose land was seized as part of the government’s racially motivated land reforms.
Canada pushing to revamp NAFTA lawsuit provision
The goal of Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland is to revamp Chapter 11 so it more closely mirrors the investor-state dispute-resolution mechanism that forms part of the 2016 Canada-European Union trade deal.
Recommendation for a Council decision authorising the opening of negotiations for a Convention establishing a multilateral court for the settlement of investment disputes
The inclusion of Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) in trade and investment agreements has become subject to increased public scrutiny and questioning.
Foreign patent owners can challenge domestic judgments under international investment arbitration
The first ever final award on patents in international investment arbitration by ICSID in the case of Eli Lilly v. Canada has effectively cleared the way for raising future disputes by foreign IPR owners against domestic institutions which can result in stronger and robust IP protection regime.
The MERCOSUR Protocol on Investment Cooperation and Facilitation: regionalizing an innovative approach to investment agreements
The Protocol draws significantly on the Brazilian model investment agreement, which stands out for departing from the traditional design of Bilateral Investment Treaties, particularly by excluding the possibility of investor-State dispute settlement (ISDS).
THAAD reprisals undermine China FTA
China has shown no hesitation in disregarding its obligations under the free trade agreement with South Korea to take retaliatory measures against the deployment of a US missile defense system in the peninsula, say Korean media
Poland looks to block part of EU, Canada trade deal
Poland is looking to block part of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (Ceta) between the EU and Canada, over concerns for a planned mechanism for resolving disputes.
CSOs challenge PH trade negotiators: Take Philippines out of RCEP!
Philippine civil society groups and social movements stand together to oppose RCEP