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Mexico

January 2004 saw the entry into force of NAFTA, the free-trade agreement with the US and Canada. This agreement set the pattern for the US imposition of FTAs elsewhere. It contains basic elements that would be repeated in many subsequent FTAs. By the same token, its adoption kickstarted the civil society movement of resistance to FTAs that has been gathering strength for the last 15 years.

In addition to NAFTA, Mexico has signed the following FTAs:
- Bolivia (1994)
- Costa Rica (1994)
- Group of Three (Mexico, Colombia, and Venezuela (1994); Venezuela pulled out in November 2006; in March 2011, the Mexican Congress agreed to extend the Colombian FTA to agriculture)
- Nicaragua (1997)
- Chile (1998)
- EU (1999)
- EFTA (2000)
- Israel (2000)
- Northern Triangle (Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras, 2000)
- Uruguay (2003)
- Japan (2005)
- Central America (2011, unifying all previous FTAs with the different countries)
- Peru (ratified by the Mexican Congress in December 2011)

The government is currently in FTA discussions with Panama, Singapore, South Korea, New Zealand, the Dominican Republic, Brazil and others.

Mexico’s FTAs with Colombia, Peru and Brazil have been the focus of intense resistance from the farming and fishing sectors.

last update: May 2012


Fearing an end to NAFTA, Mexico looks to Middle East for new trade partners
Jose Antonio Meade, Secretary of Finance and Public Credit of Mexico, said that the country will seek to diversify its trade relations with other countries. Trade agreements with the Middle East and Turkey will be a priority.
EU and Mexico conclude fifth round of trade negotiations with good progress made
In total 21 negotiating groups met, including on trade in goods, services, technical barriers to trade and sustainable development.
Mexico talks trade deals with Japan
Officials from Mexico and Japan have met to discuss deepening trade ties between the two countries.
Mexico, looking south, sees trade deal with Argentina around year’s end
Mexico, seeking closer ties with the rest of Latin America, expects to finish negotiations on a trade deal with Argentina involving cars and agricultural products around the end of the year.
Mexico says new EU trade deal is ’paramount’, eyes 2017 conclusion
A new free trade agreement with the European Union is of "paramount" importance for Mexico and both parties aim to conclude a deal this year, Mexico’s deputy economy minister has said.
Mexico et Ankara vers un accord de libre-échange
Face aux menaces protectionnistes américaines, le Mexique et la Turquie ont décidé d’accélérer leurs négociations.
Mexico seeking bilateral free trade deal with NZ in wake of TPP collapse
Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto wants to forge a bilateral free trade agreement with New Zealand and other TPP countries.
EU, Mexico accelerate talks to update free trade pact
The European Union and Mexico have set two new rounds of trade talks in the first half of 2017.
EFTA States, Mexico hold FTA update talks
Delegations from the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) states and Mexico met recently for a second round of negotiations on a comprehensive review of their bilateral free trade agreement.
Mexico expects FTA with Argentina within two years
Mexico would like to reach a free trade agreement with Argentina to rapidly increase the bilateral trade worth $2.5 billion annually, Mexico’s Economy Minister Ildefonso Guajardo said.