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The government of Pakistan is a keen pursuer of bilateral trade and investment agreements. It has a full FTA with Sri Lanka (2005), a PTA with Iran (2004) and Mauritius (2007), Early Harvest Schemes with China (2005) and Malaysia (2007), and is part of both ECOTA and SAFTA. It is in various stages of FTA talks, or preparations for talks, with Brunei, Indonesia, Jordan, Thailand, Malaysia, Morocco, Singapore, the Gulf Cooperation Council, Canada, Switzerland, Indonesia, Nepal, China, Turkey and Russia (among others). In July 2006, it signed a Framework Agreement on Trade with Mercosur.

Negotiations on a US-Pakistan bilateral investment treaty, as a step towards a US-Pakistan FTA, have been quite controversial and are unconcluded. After talks restarted in mid-2010, a draft US-Pakistan BIT was sent for approval to Pakistan’s Cabinet in April 2012. The Pakistani government has already signed almost 50 BITs with other countries. In 2011 Germany ratified a BIT with Pakistan.

On a wider scale, there is talk of possible Pakistani FTAs with Afghanistan, Algeria, the EU, Japan, Laos, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa and Tunisia.

last update: May 2012
Photo: Asian Development Bank/CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

US not keen to sign free trade agreement with Pakistan: BoI
The United States has expressed its serious concern over the continuation of emergency rule in Pakistan and said Washington was no more interested to sign the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Islamabad.
FTA with Malaysia finalised
The Pakistani government’s long-awaited Free Trade Agreement with Malaysia has been finalised. It will be implemented from January 2008, after formal approval of the Cabinet, sources in Commerce Ministry told Business Recorder.
Trade with China: Pakistan suffers trade deficit of $2.957bn
Trading with China has given Pakistan a trade deficit of $2.957 billion during the fiscal year 2006-07. The figures are based on trade under Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) and an Early Harvest Programme leading to Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between the two countries.
US Congress may delay Fata zones legislation
The United States Congress is likely to put on hold for several months, possibly a year, legislation for setting up reconstruction opportunity zones (ROZs) in tribal areas and finalisation of a bilateral investment treaty till a new democratic set-up comes into power in Pakistan
First Pakistan-EFTA meeting concludes: Negotiations to continue in 2008
Pakistan and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) have entered into a market access dialogue
Pakistan, US enhance cooperation: Teams formed to finalise trade, economic issues
Pakistan and United States on Wednesday constituted sub-groups of high officials from both the countries to pave the way for early finalisation of issues regarding trade and economic cooperation
US eyes trade with Pakistan and Afghanistan
The Bush administration will push Congress in coming months to approve legislation aimed at creating reconstruction opportunity zones so that goods produced in designated parts of Pakistan and Afghanistan can enter the United States duty-free.
Pakistan seeking parity with India surprises EU envoy
The European Union Ambassador to Pakistan has said that there is a huge difference between India and Pakistan economically, and he is surprised by Islamabad’s demand to be treated equally with New Delhi when asked about the possibility of Pak-EU FTA talks.
FTA between Pakistan and South Africa to boost trade urged
A Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Pakistan and South Africa is necessary to boost trade and investments between the two countries according to Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Negotiations on China, Pakistan FTA in services sector conclude
China has expressed interest in Islamic banking and the development of industrial zones in Pakistan during the second round of China-Pakistan negotiations on FTA in Services chapter


  • Pakistan FTAs
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