Sydney Morning Herald | 3 February 2021
Australia eyes new trade deal with Israel, focusing on cyber security, innovation
By Rob Harris
Australia will turn its attention towards clinching a trade agreement with Israel in a deal that would boost innovation, cyber security and defence.
Federal Trade Minister Dan Tehan will prioritise a deal between the two nations in the coming months as negotiations between the governments reach critical stages with the United Kingdom and the European Union.
Mr Tehan said he was keen to work “very quickly this year” on finalising a scoping study for an Israel-Australia free trade agreement by July with the hope to “move to something of more substance by end of the year”.
A similar feasibility study to scope the benefits of beginning trade negotiations with European Free Trade Association countries Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland will also be undertaken this year.
Israel’s innovation eco-system is one of the most developed in the world, shaped by a sophisticated system of major global investors, start-ups, the Israeli military and universities. Its economy has been growing continuously for the past 16 years, averaging 3.8 per cent GDP growth annually.
Austrade, the federal government’s trade, investment and education promotion agency established one of its five innovation “landing pads” in Tel Aviv in 2016 as part of the National Innovation and Science Agenda. The landing pad offered early-stage Australian start-ups a platform to build links with local and multinational business partners in Israel.
The two nations signed a Technological Innovation Cooperation Agreement in 2017, which included a bilateral funding to enable cooperation between Australian and Israeli companies.
Mr Tehan said he would soon begin discussions with the Israel Chamber of Commerce and other business groups in Australia with an interest in a free-trade agreement, in the hope of moving quickly to advance potential opportunities.
He said a free-trade pact would be a “logical next step for both nations” and it would be prioritised once negotiators working on UK and EU deals are finished at the end of the year.
“We hope we’ll have at least one completed this year” Mr Tehan said. “And then we will be ready to move on to FTA talks with Israel towards the end of this year.”
He said he was “very keen to be proactive” in seeking new markets for Australian exporters but he would be “principled” and “patient where necessary”.
Australia and Israel have a modest commercial relationship, with two-way goods and services trade amounting to nearly $1.3 billion, of which Australian exports were worth $393 million and imports from Israel $998 million.
In 2018, Australian investment in Israel totalled $976 million and Israeli investment in Australia was $310 million, mostly centred in the innovation sector.
Major merchandise exports to Israel have traditionally been live animals followed by plastic products, pearls and gems, beef, and aluminium. About 20 Israeli companies were listed on the Australian Stock Exchange, making Israel the third largest source of foreign company listings.
Mr Tehan said he hoped there would be be bipartisan support for the deal and rejected suggestions that relations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority would be a hurdle to clinching a deal.
He said Israel had several free-trade agreements, including with the European Union, despite Brussels’ support for the Palestinian Authority
“I see no reason why we shouldn’t be able to have a bipartisan commitment to such a free-trade agreement,” Mr Tehan said.