The Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA in Spanish) is a project to counteract the US-backed Free Trade Area of the Americas. Born out of initial agreements forged between the governments of Venezuela and Cuba in December 2004, ALBA aims to promote regional integration of Latin America based on values and objectives opposed to imperialism. However, it continues to rely on some basic neoliberal tenets, such as a strong emphasis on exports. Concretely, it involves Cuba, Bolivia and Venezuela through cooperation pacts covering a wide range of areas such as energy, health and culture. Nicaragua officially joined in January 2007, followed by Dominica, Saint Vincent and Antigua in February 2007. In June 2009, Ecuador became a full member.

The People’s Trade Agreement (TCP in Spanish) is considered the trade arm of ALBA. It is a direct effort to defeat the bilateral free trade agreements that the US government has been pushing in Latin America. The TCP aims to promote trade in the region along principles of solidarity, cooperation and complementarity. It was launched in May 2006.

Together, ALBA and TCP form a popular axis of today’s push for "alternative" regional integration in Latin America with the direct backing of Hugo Chavez, Fidel Castro and Evo Morales.

On 4-5 February 2012, the 11th ALBA-TCP summit was held in Caracas, Venezuela. It was decided at this meeting to create an ALBA-TCP Economic Space (ECOALBA) "as a shared-development, inter-dependent, sovereign and supportive economic zone aimed at consolidating and enlarging a new alternative model of economic relations that will strengthen and diversify the production apparatus and trade exchanges, as well as establishing the bases for the bilateral and multilateral instruments that the Parties may enter into on this matter, with a view to satisfying the physical and spiritual needs of our peoples."

last update: May 2012


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  • 1-Oct-2015 CUBARTE ALBA and the FTAA: the Dilemma of Integration or Annexation
    Latin American integration has caused rivers of ink to flow and provoked endless torrents of rhetoric. However, a significant issue still remains unresolved.
  • 3-Aug-2015 Agencia Cubana de Noticias Alba and the FTA: Poles Apart
    Through its diversity, Latin America continues to reveal enormous cracks and counter-positions on how sovereignty should be exercised.
  • 9-Jul-2015 ADITAL Alba establishes mechanisms for legal defense against arbitral claims filed by transnationals
    The Bolivarian Alliance for the People of Our America (ALBA ) has agreed to create a new regional mechanism to provide a collaborative defence in international arbitration proceedings, notably in respect of claims filed by transnational corporations against Latin American countries.
  • 6-May-2014 Agencia Venezolana de Noticias The current economic crisis presents an opportunity for Latin American Integration
    The global financial crisis which persists since 2008 and chiefly impacts the United States and Europe presents an opportunity for Latin America to strengthen its internal markets and develop an integrated economy, says Faustino Cobarrubia, an expert at the Centre for Research on the Global Economy (CIEM), Cuba.
  • 2-Aug-2013 La Arena ALBA: Anti-imperialist with already nine members
    The Bolivarian Alliance of Our America held its 12th presidential meeting in Guayaquil in 2013, the first without Hugo Chavez.
  • 1-Aug-2013 Alba alliance ambitions lay bare Latin trade confusion
    In the bewildering array of Latin American and Caribbean trade alliances, the left-of-centre Alba group is probably the one that attracts the least attention outside the region.
  • 1-Aug-2013 El Nuevo Diario Alba critica a Alianza del Pacífico
    Los gobiernos de la ALBA reunidos en Guayaquil cuestionaron a la recién creada Alianza del Pacífico, conformada por Chile, Colombia, México y Perú, por considerar que retoma la visión de libre comercio impulsada por Estados Unidos.
  • 1-Aug-2013 La Arena ALBA: antiimperialista y ya tiene nueve países miembros
    La Alianza Bolivariana de Nuestra América (ALBA) realizó con éxito su XII Cumbre de Presidentes. En Guayaquil, sumó a su noveno miembro, la caribeña Santa Lucía. Fue la primera cita sin el gran ausente-presente Hugo Chávez.
  • 27-May-2013 GLW LA social movements map solidarity with ALBA alliance
    An important summit of global significance, held in Brazil May 16-20, has largely passed below the radar of most media outlets, including many left and progressive sources.
  • 24-Apr-2013 ADITAL ALBA crea mecanismo de defensa legal ante arbitrajes de transnacionales
    La Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América (ALBA) acordó ayer lunes en Ecuador a creación de un nuevo mecanismo de coordinación regional para la defensa conjunta en procesos de arbitraje internacional, especialmente aquellos interpuestos por compañías transnacionales contra países latinoamericanos.
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