EU-Central America

The European Union has been negotiating a free trade agreement with six Central American countries — Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama — since mid-2007. The draft negotiating plan from the EU’s side is available here.

The background logic to this is clear. As soon as the US signed NAFTA, the EU followed suit and made its own bilateral trade agreement with Mexico. Now that the US has signed CAFTA, here comes an EU deal for the same countries (minus the Dominican Republic, which is part of the ACP grouping that the EU is already negotiating an EPA with under the Cotonou Agreement).

The deal is dubbed an “Association Agreement” in which the FTA is one component alongside others (concerning cooperation and political dialogue). It is also a “progressive” agreement in that its provisions are phased in over time.

But analysts concur that such association agreements are even worse than FTAs: “The agreements are notable for their broad scope and their ‘open’ and ‘ongoing’ nature; in other words, they oblige the signatory countries in years to come periodically to extend the agreement and to undertake an undefined number of judicial, administrative, economic and social reforms, the aim of which is to provide ever more favourable investment conditions for European companies. As they accumulate, the changes will amount to constitutional reforms, which will be decided at ministerial level, far from the eyes of Parliaments and public opinion in the countries concerned.”

The social movements of Latin America have made their position clear: “The Association Agreement is nothing more than a continuation of free trade agreements. These texts are a farcical denial of democracy from the word go. Like the DR-CAFTA, the FTAA, and NAFTA, they are all tools used by big capital to exacerbate and deepen the poverty and exploitation of those who produce wealth by their labour. DR-CAFTA has been in force for two years and already we see our countries being inundated with imports, afflicted by rising consumer prices, and starved of tariff revenues, leading to reduced public spending. On top of this, the US has blockaded Central American agricultural products on spurious phytosanitary grounds. Meanwhile, the inhuman deportation of our compatriots continues. The enforcement of the FTAs and the neoliberal model is bolstered by criminalization and repression of indigenous and peasant agendas — particularly, the struggle for Mother Earth — through the enactment of antiterrorism laws. Therefore, we say NO to the negotiation and signing of the Association Agreement between Central America and the European Union: it is contrary to the interests of our peoples.”

In May 2010, the text was agreed to, and in March 2011, the text was initialled. It still needs to be signed, ratified and put into force by all parties: the European Union, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama.

last update: May 2012

Articles

 EN   ES   FR 

  • 20-Nov-2014 Prensa Libre Cierra oficialmente negociación del TLC entre Guatemala y EFTA
    Con una ceremonia efectuada en Suiza se oficializó este lunes el cierre de las negociaciones y presentación del protocolo de incorporación de Guatemala al TLC entre los estados miembros de EFTA y los miembros de Centroamérica (Costa Rica y Panamá).
  • 21-Aug-2014 El Nuevo Diario El TLC Costa Rica - EFTA entró en vigor en Noruega
    El Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Costa Rica y la Asociación Europea de Libre Comercio (EFTA, por sus siglas en inglés) entró ayer en vigor en Noruega, proceso que estará completo el 5 de septiembre en Islandia, informó una fuente oficial.
  • 15-Nov-2013 Prensa Libre Costa Rica: Comisión avala acuerdo con EFTA
    El Tratado de Libre Comercio (TLC) entre Costa Rica y la Asociación Europea de Libre Comercio (EFTA, en inglés) fue aprobado ayer por una comisión de la Asamblea Legislativa costarricense, por lo que está listo para ser discutido en el plenario.
  • 31-Oct-2013 The Costa Rica News Association Agreement between EU and Central America close to completion
    Guatemala, the only country that does not have a treaty in place to implement the deal, is finalizing the procedures to apply on December 1st.
  • 11-Oct-2013 Telesur TV Gobierno de Costa Rica pide aprobación de TLC con AELC
    La ministra de Comercio Exterior de Costa Rica, Anabel González, solicitó hoy a los diputados de la Asamblea Legislativa la aprobación del Tratado de Libre Comercio (TLC) con la Asociación Europea de Libre Comercio (AELC).
  • 4-Aug-2013 LAMMP EU-Central America agreement : International statement
    European and Latin-American networks reiterate their recommendations to the European Union and its Member States, in view of the imminent provisional implementation of the commercial pillar of the Association Agreement with con Honduras, Panama and Nicaragua
  • 22-Jul-2013 RMR Association Agreement between EU and Central America enters into effect after ratification by El Salvador
    With the recent ratification by the Salvadorean members of the House of Representatives, the Association Agreement between Central America and the European Union (EU) will enter into effect on August 1st. The agreement has been strongly rejected by social organizations.
  • 28-Jun-2013 La Prensa, Honduras Honduras suspende negociación para TLC
    Cuando parecía que las negociaciones para un nuevo acuerdo comercial con un pequeño bloque de países europeos iban viento en popa, las autoridades nacionales anunciaron el estancamiento de las pláticas con el denominado Efta.
  • 25-Jun-2013 Red Nacional Por la Defensa de la Soberanía Alimentaria en Guatemala -REDSAG - Comunicado de organizaciones guatemaltecas contra el ADA y en defensa de la soberanía alimentaria
    El acuerdo de Asociación entre Centro América y la Unión Europea (AdA en adelante) se encuentra en la recta final, en proceso de aprobación en los órganos legislativos centroamericanos. El congreso de Guatemala lo ratifico el dìa 13 de junio.
  • 24-May-2013 El País Costa Rica: Mujeres desamparadeñas repudian TLC con la Unión Europea
    La Agenda Cantonal de Mujeres Desamparadeñas manifestó su repudio a las fracciones legislativas que con su voto hacen viable la aprobación del Acuerdo de Asociación con la Unión Europea, AdA, y les insta a asumir su responsabilidad por el perjuicio que tratados de este tipo le ocasionaran al país, especialmente el impacto en las mujeres.
  • 0 | 10 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | ... | 190

    Links

  • Observatorio global
    El Observatorio Social de la Globalización es un grupo de trabajo, estudio y análisis que genera información y propuestas en relación a los temas de la globalización. Buscando cambiar el sistema injusto.