The European Union and India launched negotiations on a bilateral free trade and investment agreement in June 2007. However, between the governments, a number of controversies have been plaguing the talks. Delhi wants Brussels to relax its stringent food safety criteria which penalise Indian farm and fishery exports and to make it easier for Indian professionals to work in the EU. Europe is primarily out to win major openings of India’s services sector and broad liberalisation of foreign investment, while India does not want to discuss allowing European firms to compete in India’s government procurement market.
Indian social movements, including fisherfolk and labour unions, people living with HIV/AIDS and other health activists have been mobilizing against the FTA. International actions and campaigns have particularly targeted the proposed intellectual property provisions of the agreement, and the impact of the FTA on access to medicines.
last update: May 2012
India - EU trade negotiations are likely to run into the same problems as the discussions that began on a comprehensive free trade agreement in 2007 but were aborted due to differences on movement of professionals, labour, human rights and environmental issues and other issues.
India and the EU have discussed holding regular interactions for re-initiation of the bilateral trade and investment agreement with an interim agreement, to start with, according to an official statement.
The EU will be able to strike an investment deal with India, but a full-blown free trade agreement will be a much harder sell, said Portugal’s foreign minister.
Union Commerce & Industry Minister Piyush Goyal on Wednesday said that trade & economy is one of the most important pillars of India- European Union (EU) partnership, and India is looking forward enhancing this relation.
The EU-India virtual summit took place last month with three ’elephants in the room’. The largest elephant was China. Both India and the EU have traditionally followed policies of cooperation with China, but ties have plumbed new depths during the pandemic.
India and the EU may take a fresh look at the long-pending bilateral Broad-based Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) and see if a meeting ground could be reached and the talks taken forward when leaders meet at the India-EU Summit.
India has blasted the EU and Vietnam for ratifying a free trade agreement that would be "another blow" to Indian businesses.
Bilateral trade and investment ties between India and the EU have become severely strained with the Modi government’s initial refusal to resume stalled negotiations on the proposed India-EU free trade agreement .
India and the European Union on Thursday discussed preparations for a long-due summit meeting, which was postponed due to the Covid pandemic.
But the EU wants issues such as market access for automobiles, wines, and govt procurement issues resolved first.