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Mega-regional FTAs

Image credit: Ana María Palacio/pacificallianceblog.com


In the wake of the global financial crisis of 2008, several large new trade deals have been proposed to supposedly boost production, trade and growth outside the frame of the World Trade Organisation. These deals are called “mega-regionals” because they are not between two countries alone and involve large shares of world trade or investment. The following fall into this category:

- the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) between the US, Japan and 10 other countries surrounding the Pacific Ocean (Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru and Vietnam) (click here for TPP texts);
- the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the 28-member European Union and the US (click here for TTIP texts) ;
- the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement between the 10-member Association of South-East Asian Nations (Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and six countries ASEAN already has FTAs with (Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea) (click here for RCEP texts);
- the Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) being hammered out between 23 countries (Australia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, EU, Hong Kong, Iceland, Israel, Japan, Korea, Liechtenstein, Mauritius, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey and the US) (click here for TiSA texts); and
- the Tripartite FTA (TFTA) merging three African regional economic communities: the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Southern African Development Community (SADC) and East African Community (EAC).
- the Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA), next stage of the TFTA in which all 54 African Union states are expected to be member

The TFTA was signed in June 2015 and the TPP in February 2016, but are not yet in force. All the other deals are under negotiation.

In this section we collate leaks and texts of these agreements.

October 2016


EU-US FTA (TTIP) - draft services/investment offer (May 2014)
as leaked to EPSU and released on 13 June 2014
EU-US FTA (TTIP) - Raw materials and energy (EU negotiating text, Sep 2013)
Dated 20 September 2013, leaked by Huffington Post on 19 May 2014. See Wikipedia analysis here.
TPP - draft IP chapter (30 Aug 2013)
EU-US FTA (TTIP) - EU initial position papers (June 2013)
Initial position papers from the Commission dated 20 June 2013 and leaked by IATP