East African Community | 21 September 2021
EAC Secretary General urges AfCFTA Secretariat to adapt a private sector-led and people-centered approach to boost intra-African trade
The East African Community (EAC) Secretary General, Hon. (Dr.) Peter Mathuki, urged the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Secretariat to adapt an integration approach that is people-centred, market-driven and private sector-led, to ensure African citizens benefit from the continental agreement.
Speaking in Accra, Ghana, during the 1st coordination meeting of Heads of Regional Economic Communities (RECs) on the implementation of the AfCFTA, Dr.Mathuki noted, AfCFTA, with a promising market of around 1.3 billion consumers and a GDP of 3.4 trillion US dollars, promises to unlock many opportunities beneficial to African’s citizens.
“There is urgent need for citizen sensitization and regular capacity building activities at national and regional levels, to inform African citizens on issues around the continental agreement and how they can benefit from it,” he said
Dr. Mathuki expressed that this could be achieved through deepening collaboration between AfCFTA Secretariat, Regional Economic Blocs Secretariats such as the EAC or Common Market for East and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the Regional Economic Blocs Business Councils such as the East African Business Council (EABC).
“Establishing structured dialogue frameworks while engaging the private sector, civil societies and other groups at different levels of policy formulation, will ensure the agreement is embraced and its gains trickle down to Africans,” he added.
The AfCFTA is the largest trade agreement, by composition of countries enjoined, since the formation of the World Trade Organization. Currently, 54 out of the 55 African countries have signed the AfCFTA Agreement, with 41 having ratified it.
The agreement set to ultimately open up the African market to trade freely, will boost intra-African trade and trigger structural transformation with the goal of reducing poverty.
“The score card of the achievements of AfCFTA will be on increased trade and investment in the region. Africa should thus speak in one voice devoid of political interest, to deepen integration which will ultimately result in economic growth,” the EAC Secretary General noted.
Dr. Mathuki called upon RECs’ Business Councils to focus on building political goodwill for the implementation and enforcement of AfCFTA.
“The Business Councils in various regional economic bloc should prioritize building private sector to private sector consensus so as to speak in one voice and fast track decision making,” he said.
The EAC chief also called on the development of a simplified trade regime for the AfCFTA and development of continental standard operating procedures on border agency cooperation.
In his remarks, Secretary-General of the AfCFTA Secretariat, His Excellency Wamkele MENE noted that the mandate of AfCFTA Secretariat is to coordinate implementation of the AfCFTA Agreement, while ensuring close collaboration with all key stakeholders namely the State Parties, the Secretariats of RECs, the business community and strategic partners.
“Regional Economic blocs are the building blocs of the AfCFTA and thus we are keen on closely collaborating with all. We are also keen in involving the private sector as it is a very strong pillar and catalyst for industrialization in the continent,” he noted.
The meeting was preceded by preparatory Technical Meetings held on 18th to 19th September on a hybrid format to develop actionable strategies to enhance the effective implementation of the AfCFTA, drawing on lessons from the implementation of RECs’ Free Trade Areas (FTAs).
The eight RECs recognised by the African Union were represented at the Meeting; Arab Maghreb Union (UMA), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA),Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), East African Community (EAC), Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and Southern African Development Community (SADC).
Customs Unions which also participated in the Meeting include the Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU) and the West Africa Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA).
Business Councils and associations in attendance were; the African Business Council (ABC), AfroChampions, East African Business Council (EABC), COMESA Business Council (CBC), Federation of West Africa Employers Association (FOPAO) and the Federation of West African Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FEWACCI).