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The government of Pakistan is a keen pursuer of bilateral trade and investment agreements. It has a full FTA with Sri Lanka (2005), a PTA with Iran (2004) and Mauritius (2007), Early Harvest Schemes with China (2005) and Malaysia (2007), and is part of both ECOTA and SAFTA. It is in various stages of FTA talks, or preparations for talks, with Brunei, Indonesia, Jordan, Thailand, Malaysia, Morocco, Singapore, the Gulf Cooperation Council, Canada, Switzerland, Indonesia, Nepal, China, Turkey and Russia (among others). In July 2006, it signed a Framework Agreement on Trade with Mercosur.

Negotiations on a US-Pakistan bilateral investment treaty, as a step towards a US-Pakistan FTA, have been quite controversial and are unconcluded. After talks restarted in mid-2010, a draft US-Pakistan BIT was sent for approval to Pakistan’s Cabinet in April 2012. The Pakistani government has already signed almost 50 BITs with other countries. In 2011 Germany ratified a BIT with Pakistan.

On a wider scale, there is talk of possible Pakistani FTAs with Afghanistan, Algeria, the EU, Japan, Laos, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa and Tunisia.

last update: May 2012
Photo: Asian Development Bank/CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Pakistan, US hold 7th TIFA meeting to strengthen trade and investment ties
The 7th Intersessional meeting of the Pakistan-United States Trade and Investment Framework (TIFA) was held here on Friday and discussed ways to strengthen trade ties between the two nations.
Pakistan, Iran agree on swift FTA finalisation, target $10 b trade over five years
Pakistan and Iran agreed to expeditiously finalize the Free Trade Agreement and boost their bilateral trade to USD10 billion over the next five years.
US warns Pakistan of ‘possible sanctions’ following Iran trade deal
The United States warned Pakistan of ‘possible sanctions’ following trade agreements with Iran during President Ebrahim Raisi visit.
Pakistan shares FTA draft with GCC to pave way for Reko Diq accord
The caretaker government had ratified the draft of FTA, including the Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT).
Pakistan agrees to new ISDS provisions, despite previous policy to terminate ISDS agreements
Pakistan’s previous policy, initiated in 2021, sought to terminate its bilateral investment treaties to avoid further ISDS cases by international investors.
Islamabad accepts Riyadh-Doha term to allow international arbitration incase of dispute
Pakistan has negotiated to include a graduated approach for settlement of investment disputes between the state and investors.
Inking of CEPA with UAE likely
Pakistan and United Arab Emirates (UAE) are likely to sign Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) on the lines of FTA with GCC countries.
SIFC accelerates implementation of bilateral investment treaty with Saudi Arabia, Qatar
In Pakistan, the Special Investment Facilitation Council gave directions to swiftly turn the Bilateral Investment Treaty with Saudi Arabia and Qatar into an economic reality.
Saudi Arabia assessing advancements in FTA to enhance trade with Pakistan: Commercial Attache
Saudi Commercial Attaché in Pakistan said the Kingdom’s officials were currently assessing advancements in the initial Free Trade Agreement.
China agrees to review Free Trade Agreement, boost yuan-based trade
The Chinese government has agreed to consider a request to amend the existing Free Trade Agreement, supply trade finance in yuans and provide loans to assist industry relocation to Pakistan.


  • Pakistan FTAs
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