EU-Mercosur

Late 1995, the European Union initiated negotiations on a bilateral free trade agreement with Mercosur (common market between Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) as a reaction to the US’ push for a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA).

The EU-Mercosur FTA — which could be termed an inter-regional agreement, or more accurately a bilateral agreement between two common markets — was slated to be completed in October 2004. But the two sides failed to agree on each other’s final offers. Among other things, Mercosur was not satisfied with the EU’s agricultural market access provisions while the EU complained of the lack of Mercosur proposals to open their telecommunications sector and to upgrade protection of European geographical indications. More generally, commentators blamed the failure of the talks on mutual lack of political will.

Discussions resumed in 2005 and the EU planned to reach an agreement by 2006; however, the resumption of negotiations has been put off indefinitely due to the resistance of South American countries to opening up certain markets and to the European rejection of demands to cut agricultural subsidies.

In 2010, negotiations began anew and in July 2011 the 6th negotiating round took place in Brussels without substantial results.

last update: May 2012


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  • 23-Apr-2016 Jeune Afrique Accord de libre-échange UE-Tunisie : la société civile veut une place à la table des négociations
    Le Forum tunisien des droits économiques et sociaux a tenu une conférence pour dénoncer le déséquilibre des discussions en faveurs des pays européens.
  • 19-Apr-2016 Politico Mercosur — the battle gets nasty
    The dispute over a planned exchange of market access offers with the South American trade bloc was front and center at a meeting of foreign ministers in Luxembourg.
  • 19-Apr-2016 The Scottish Farmer Mercosur deal could cost EU farmers €7.8bn
    A Mercosur trade deal between the European Union and South America could inflict losses of €7.8bn on farmers in the EU’s 28 member states, according to the Irish Farmers’ Association.
  • 15-Apr-2016 BAE Mercosur - Sin carnes ni lácteos, alimentarias rechazan un TLC con UE
    El presidente de la Copal, Daniel Funes de Rioja, expresó ayer que “si no hay concesiones recíprocas, no puede haber un acuerdo. Somos grandes exportadores de materias primas pero también de productos derivados”.
  • 14-Apr-2016 CADTM We oppose the negotiations of the EU-Mercosur FTA going forward
    We, ATTAC Argentina, members of the CADTM – AYNA network, express our opposition to the negotiations, recently relaunched by the Mauricio Macri government, to sign a Free Trade Treaty (FTA) between the countries of Mercosur and the European Union.
  • 13-Apr-2016 Farming UK EU agricultural cooperative urges ministers to ’reject outright’ Latin American free trade talks
    Copa & Cogeca have urged EU Ministers to ’reject outright’ an EU Commission offer on agriculture which includes sensitive agriculture products in the free trade talks with the Latin American trade bloc Mercosur.
  • 12-Apr-2016 Buenos Aires Herald EU, Mercosur move forward on trade talks
    Blocs will exchange offers on the second week of May, followed by meeting in Montevideo.
  • 11-Apr-2016 Sputnik Mercosur y UE avanzan hacia un tratado de libre comercio
    El Mercosur y la Unión Europea (UE) avanzan en la implementación de un tratado de libre comercio (TLC) y acordaron intercambiar ofertas de acceso a los mercados especificando los mecanismos para incrementar la apertura de bienes y servicios, indica un comunicado publicado este viernes por el bloque europeo.
  • 22-Mar-2016 AgriLand IFA wants Coveney to defend farmers against potential EU/Mercosur trade deal
    The IFA is calling on Minister Coveney and Ireland’s MEPs to come out strongly against a potential EU/Mercosur deal and in defence of farmers and the agriculture sector.
  • 21-Mar-2016 EurActiv EU in Latin America trade push
    The EU is in a drive to deepen trade ties with Latin America. It is eager to do business with Cuba, and on the cusp of relaunching negotiations with Mercosur.
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