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Africa & Middle East

Bilateral deal-making involving governments of Africa and the Middle East.

photo: World Bank/CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Dubai free zones face regional competition
Though many regional free zones have been around since the early 1980’s, only recently has the free zone frenzy emerged, coinciding with countries developing free trade agreements (FTA) with their neighbours and others wanting to become members of the WTO.
Kuwaitis quietly breach a taboo: easing hostility toward Israel
Reports have circulated that Kuwait will lift its embargo on Israel, but they remain unconfirmed. The Kuwaiti daily Al Qabas noted that Kuwait had not yet signed a free-trade agreement with the United States. Such an agreement would not permit a trade embargo on Israel.
US and Saudi Arabia conclude bilateral WTO accession agreement
US Trade Representative Rob Portman today announced that the United States and Saudi Arabia have concluded bilateral negotiations on issues related to Saudi Arabia’s World Trade Organization accession.
Commercial accord with Namibia published
An economic cooperation agreement between the Angolan and Namibian governments, aimed at the promotion and development of trade relations between both countries in this field, was recently published.
Nigeria, Brazil sign bilateral agreements
The relationship between Nigeria and Brazil yesterday took a major leap with the signing of bilateral agreements by Presidents Olusegun Obasanjo and liiz Inacio Da Silva.
Somalia, Kenya sign first trade deal in 14 years
Somalia’s fledgling government signed a broad bilateral trade agreement with neighboring Kenya on Tuesday, the first since warlords overthrew military dictator Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991 and plunged the country into chaos.
Saudi Arabia and the US sign bilateral free trade agreement
A member of the Saudi delegation negotiating the Kingdom’s entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) told Asharq Al Awsat his government and the United States had signed a bilateral free trade agreement and expected the U.S Congress to make an announcement on the subject next week following its ratification.
Botswana forges partnership with Mauritius
Botswana Minister of Trade and Industry, Neo Moroka yesterday signed a bilateral investment treaty on promotion and reciprocal protection on investment with Mauritius envoy, Madan Dulloo.
Saudi Arabia, US to sign trade agreement
Saudi Arabia will sign a trade agreement with the United States in the next two days to pave the ground for entering the World Trade Organization.
US, Iraq sign trade and investment framework pact
The United States and Iraq have signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) to promote bilateral trade and help Iraq expand and diversify its economy.


  • African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) legal texts and policy documents
    Tralac’s page on the African Continental Free Trade Area
  • SEATINI Uganda
    The Southern and Eastern Africa Trade Information and Negotiations Institute (SEATINI) is a regional non-governmental organization founded in 1996 soon after the WTO Singapore Ministerial Conference — mainly focusing on WTO, but also bilateral and regional trade negotiations in Africa.
  • SEATINI Zimbabwe
    The Southern and Eastern African Trade Information and Negotiations Institute (SEATINI) is an African initiative to strengthen Africa’s capacity to take a more effective part in the emerging global trading system and to better manage the process of globalization.