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rules of origin

Preferential treatment provided for in a free trade agreement is usually granted only to products originating from members of that FTA, so rules of origin are important. These are the criteria which determine the national origin of a product. The country of origin of a product is usually seen as the country where the last substantial transformation took place.

Enforcing and defining rules of origin for goods or services poses major problems. This issue has been very controversial in a number of agreements and trade unions and other critics have campaigned to highlight the ways in which rules of origin can be used and abused by governments and corporations alike. In particular there are concerns about the ease with which goods processed partly or fully in a third country can receive duty-free access under a bilateral agreement by being re-exported with just enough processing to satisfy rules of origin requirements. This is further complicated by the fact that different bilateral free trade agreements use different criteria to set rules of origin.


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Japan and the United States have struck a deal to ban alcoholic beverages that are not produced in the geographical area included in its brand name under the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) free trade pact.
In brief – TTIP: where we stand
TTIP negotiation round 11 was held in Miami, Florida: short overview of where we stand in the negotiations, issue area by issue area.
EU-ECOWAS EPA: annex C on customs duties on products originating in the European Union (Oct 2015)
As released by the European Commission
Trans Pacific Partnership IP chapter – trademarks, thoughts on geographical indications
This article offers accompanying commentary together on the TPP’s trademark provisions together with thoughts on portions of the TPP text regarding Geographical Indications (GIs)
East African states agree on free trade area issues
The East African Community partner states have agreed on the outstanding trade issues under the Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA).
TPP rule of origin is 45% for vehicles, with caveats; 35-45% for auto parts
The final Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) contains rules of origin for the automotive sector that require 45 percent regional value content for finished vehicles under a complicated accounting method, along with a regional value content threshold between 35 and 45 percent for auto parts.
Trade agreements: EU grows bilateral and regional FTAs
Free trade agreements (FTAs) between the European Union (EU) and its trading partners worldwide have mushroomed in recent years and more are in the pipeline.
TPP, TTIP, organic equivalencies — trade...
TPP, TTIP, organic equivalencies — trade agreements have been all over the headlines for the past few months. But what is the impact for food and beverage companies in the U.S.?
How regional trade agreements can spark a fight over Feta cheese
While the European Union and Canada agree that Feta cheese must come from Greece, the deal underscores the problems with regional trade deals not giving other countries a say.
Mali : commerce et industrie: les mesures de défenses commerciales au centre des débats
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FTA completion depends on unification of origin rules, customs: Abdel Nour
The completion of the Free Trade Area (FTA) procedures among the three African blocs, SADC, COMESA and the East African Community (EAC), depends on the unification of the rules of origin and tariff, according to Egypt’s Minister of Industry and Trade Mounir Fakhry Abdel Nour.
Vietnamese exporters need to plan for FTA lawsuit liability
New free trade agreements (FTA) will help Vietnamese companies improve access to markets and diminish costs, but they will also require strategies and policies to minimise the probability of trade lawsuits, speakers said at a seminar on global trade late last week in HCM City.
Rules of origin TPP dispute blocking Japan-US auto deal
Rules of origin for automobile parts have emerged as a key stumbling block in Japan-US auto trade talks held as part of efforts to conclude the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade pact, according to informed sources.
TPP, TTIP could alter US textile & apparel trade
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Will Asia’s largest FTA make a difference?
Unless there is enough political will to close potential loopholes disguised as “flexibility” and pursue reforms deeper than those ever before attempted, RCEP may be seen as serving the geopolitical interests of a few players, to little economic effect.
Export flexibility with ROO
The rules of origin (ROO) in the context of Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) provides Fijian exporters the maximum flexibility to export Fijian Made and Fijian Grown products into the European Union.
Oilsands not a sticking point in EU trade talks
Canada’s oilsands aren’t a sticking point in trade talks with the European Union, Denmark’s trade minister said today in Ottawa.
CAFTA-DR partners agree to fix technical flaws in agreement
The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States (CAFTA-DR) Free Trade Commission has approved several changes to CAFTA-DR rules of origin that are expected to benefit the Western Hemisphere textile/apparel supply chain.