logo logo


FTAs became a big social and political issue in Thailand ever since former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra agreed, in 2003, to negotiate a comprehensive bilateral deal with the United States. A broad multisectoral coalition in Thailand, called FTA Watch, monitors and mobilises around Thailand’s FTA policies quite frequently, given the deep-cutting and far-reaching nature of these deals for Thai society.

Apart from the Thai-US talks, Thailand has signed a limited FTA with Laos (1991) and another with China (agriculture only, 2003), framework agreements with Bahrain (as stepping stone toward an FTA with the GCC, 2002), Peru (2003) and India (2003), and fairly comprehensive FTAs with Australia (2003), New Zealand (2005) and Japan (2007).

Since 2006 and the current political crisis, Thailand’s pace of FTA negotiations has slowed down. (The government is technically still in negotiation with the US, EFTA, India, Peru and Papua New Guinea, while there has been talk of further deals with Chile, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong, Mexico, Pakistan, South Africa and Canada.) Meanwhile, civil society groups have insisted that the new Thai constitution include a provision, in Section 190, that requires Parliamentary ratification and much more public information about all FTAs that the Thai cabinet considers going into.

Regionally, Thailand is member of ASEAN and therefore part of that bloc’s FTA dealings with China, Korea, India, Australia/New Zealand and the EU. It is also part of BIMSTEC and, under Thaksin at least, was the protagonist pushing for greater trade and investment integration in the Mekong region under ACMECS, a framework for cooperation between Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.

last update: May 2012
Photo: FTA Watch

Ministry eyeing FTA with Bangladesh
Thailand is keen to improve trade and investment relations with Bangladesh, with the aim of establishing a free trade agreement (FTA) between the two countries as soon as possible.
Sri Lanka, Thailand to sign trade agreement in February
Sri Lanka plans to conclude free trade agreement (FTA) talks with Thailand in December and sign a deal on Feb. 3, Sri Lanka’s cabinet spokesperson said.
More trade talks with Europe group
The Commerce Ministry looks set to negotiate a free trade agreement (FTA) with the European Free Trade Association (Efta) in round 7, aiming to conclude the deal by mid-2024.
Free trade agreements with the EU, UAE and Sri Lanka expected next year
Thailand is expected to finalise free trade agreements (FTAs) with the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), Sri Lanka and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in the second and third quarters of next year.
Thailand’s new PM seeks FTA expansion to lure major foreign investors
Thailand’s new prime minister is committed to transforming the country into a major foreign investment destination, including pursuing more free trade deals and expanding manufacturing of both electric and traditional autos.
Commerce Ministry set to host FTA talks with UAE
The Commerce Ministry is gearing up to host the fourth round of talks for a free trade agreement (FTA) between Thailand and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in Bangkok this week, with the aim of concluding the negotiation process as soon as possible.
Thailand ready to finalize FTA with Pakistan to improve trade ties: envoy
The Ambassador of Thailand said that his country was ready to finalize a Free Trade Agreement with Pakistan as negotiations on this had reached the final stage.
Thailand mulls Korean pact
Thailand is in talks with South Korea to explore the possibility of establishing a free trade agreement (FTA). The proposal aims to build upon the existing Asean-South Korea FTA and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP).
Thailand signs mini-FTA with Yunnan province in southwest China
Thailand’s Commerce Ministry on Thursday signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to form deeper trade partnerships through a mini free trade agreement (mini-FTA) between Thailand and Yunnan province in southwest China.
Thailand’s FTA strategy to open up new markets
Thailand has been actively pursuing FTAs with various countries and regions, both bilaterally and multilaterally. As of July 2023, Thailand has signed 13 FTAs with 18 countries or regions, covering about 60% of its total trade value.


  • FTA Watch (Thailand)
    A broad social coalition monitoring, analysing and mobilising around the Thai government’s FTA strategies.
  • Thai FTA
    A Thai government website, produced by the Department of Trade Negotiations, on Thailand’s different FTA negotiations.